Процес реорганізації адміністрування українського домену верхнього рівня .UA   Reforming .UA - Ukrainian Top Level Domain Name administration


Архив UANIC WG, 24 червня 2001 року

Відкритий лист-відповідь щодо публікації видавиництвом Wired.com статті про стан домену .UA

Здравствуйте Коллеги,

Ниже копия письма, которое было направлено мной как общественный
комментарий к публикации:
Оставить эту статью без комментария нельзя.
Вся информация размещенная мной в ответе полностью соответствует
ранее принятым официальным решениям Ассоциаций, включая совместное
Решение АУРИУ и ИНАУ от 22 июня. Изложенное в этом комментарии также
не противоречит целям действующей администрации домена .UA. Различные
пути достижения лучшего результата не должны быть "яблоком раздора" в
в украинской части Интернет, и тем более отрицательно сказываться на
обслуживании Пользователей.

На сегодняшний момент в действиях различных сторон, активно
участвующих в процессе реформирования присутствует много эмоций и
нерациональных действий.

Однако, обращаю Ваше внимание на то, что в настоящее время к Украине
приковано огромное внимание международной общественности, в том числе
и специалистами ICANN. Любые деструктивные действия сторон в вопросе
реформирования домена и внутренних отношений Интернет сообщества в
Украине отрицательно сказываются на международном имидже Украины и на
мнении о нас, как о цивилизованной стране.

Я обращаюсь к Вам с просьбой быть более терпимыми и взвешенными в
своих решениях и высказываниях по отношению к друг другу, будь мы
оппоненты или единомышленники.

О том, как сегодня будет решаться вопрос реформирования
администрирования домена .UA, - о нас в последствии еще долго будут
говорить как о стране.

Я глубоко убежден в том, что через некоторое время всеми участвующими
сторонами, включая действующую Администрацию домена .UA, и как
коллективного органа и как лично Д.Кохманюка и И.Свиридова, будут
достигнуты разумные решения.

С уважением,

> To: bartona@earthlink.net
> Cc: newsfeedback@wired.com
> Cc: edyson@edventure.com
> Cc: gennady@iatld.org
> Cc: lozowy@gluk.apc.org
> Cc: ksa@dstszi.gov.ua
> Dear author of the article,
> It is important that you know that your article may play definite
> negative role in positive changes that are taking place in forming
> Ukrainian Internet market in connection with re-orginisation of the
> .UA domain administration.
> Although you used real facts and refer to real persons, the overall
> presentation of the situation is very biased.
> The unsatisfactory situation with domain name registration first was
> understood in 1998. Since that time there have been numerous
> attempts to change the out-dated domain name registration practice and
> cooperate with current domain administration on related issues, however
> it met uncovered unwillingness to cooperate and to make any constructive
> changes.
> When the situation with incorrespondence of Ukrainian domain
> registration practice to international practice became clear to
> Ukrainian Government, the State Committee on Information Security
> made a move to initiate/start a process on reformation of domain
> registration in .UA. It succeeded to bring all main players of the Internet
> market in Ukraine to talk to each other. These first steps happened in
> September-October 2000.
> The turn point in sequence of events was when Ukrainian Government
> on March 15, 2001 sent the letter to ICANN about starting preparation
> period for official re-delegation of the .UA administration. All
> that time was marked up with deep consensus building processes between
> government, ISPs and other players of the Ukrainian Internet market.
> The Initiative/Working Group to coordinate development and dialog had
> been established. Two newly founded Associations representing Internet
> industry and Governmental Committee signed Conciliation agreement
> about accepted/needed re-organisation of the .UA administration. It is
> essential to stress that the letter to ICANN _became_ possible
> because of the consensus built between active negotiating and cooperating
> parties.
> Note. All events and documents referred to in my comments can be
> found at the official site of WG http://www.ua-nic.net
> However, since the moment that the vision of inevitable changes
> became obvious, the resistance of amorphous (and feeling as outsider)
> "technical enthusiasts" running current domain registration
> infrastructure in Ukraine changed from passive to active. These
> changes found support from current domain administrators one of which is
>Dmitry Kohmanyuk interviewed in your article.
> Such behavior was found as negative and destructive by both
> Associations and Governmental Committee.
> I don't deny difficulties and problems in my country but still think
> that article is rather non-objective and biased and contains wrong
> and over-simplified presentation of real processes in Ukraine.
> Giving this as my personal vision that may be followed by official
> note from authorised Governmental body of Ukraine, I would like to state
> the following:
> 1) the Ukrainian Internet industry (which is represented by ISPs and
> other players) is matured enough to decide how to manage its own
> domain, and it's authority has been recognised by government in ongoing
> dialog
> 2) Ukrainian Government and State Committee on Information Security
> (which is intentionally mixed with SBU) had _initiated_ the process
> of reformation of the .UA domain administration and is doing it with
> _respect_ to Internet community in Ukraine;
> All process has been doing with complete openness and in
> correspondence with ICANN and ccTLD/DNSO recommendations
> and international practice - see the official site http://www.ua-nic.net
> 3) it is very tendentious to present situation in the country and in
> respect to advanced (in the country) Internet community and business
> in such a simplified way as it is done in the article;
> It would be _naiive_ to believe that in dispute about domain
> re-organisation in Ukraine (country with population of 50 mln. and
> strong Internet and telecommunication industry) only two actors
> Dmitry Kohmanyuk and SBU are playing :-) main roles. So, I'll appreciate
> that you will find time and have a look at the official WG site as
> pointed above to know more about processes in Ukraine taken to attention of
> your readers in your article.
> 4) It appears non-consistent and offensive to Internet community in
> Ukraine to refer first to sources outside of country instead of
> providing objective information.
> All involved parties both from ISPs side and from Government posses
> enough knowledge and experience for acting in correspondence with
> International practice and specific conditions of Ukraine.
> I apologize for these extended comments, but intention is to clarify
> some sensitive issues in the process that goes slowly, with
> difficulties but with the intention to solve the problem irreversible.
> I would be ready to answer all your questions and provide you with
> all necessary information and hope on your further objective coverage of
> similar topics.
> Yours faithfully,
> Yuri Honcharuk
> Expert of UANIC WG
> P.S. Quotation below is for reference if necessary.
>> Ukraine's Domain in Dot-Dispute
>> By Julia Barton
>> http://www.wired.com/news/print/0,1294,44012,00.html
>> 2:00 a.m. June 22, 2001 PDT
>> Dot-ua is a domain in search of a master.
>> Stepping into the breach is Ukraine's successor to the KGB, known
as the SBU, which said recently
>> that it will take over the top-level domain name.
>> Dmitry Kohmanyuk, who runs the domain with a group of volunteers in
>> U.S. and Ukraine, says he wants to give up the responsibility, but
>> to a service "based on the Internet principle of nondiscrimination,
>> open to everybody." He doesn't believe the SBU is such an entity.
>> If the Ukrainian government presses its case, it could become a
>> test for the still-evolving rules for administering country-code,
>> top-level domains, or ccTLDs. Guidelines drafted last year say that
>> government's wishes with respect to a ccTLD must be given very
>> weight" but that "it is equally important to shield a ccTLD manager
>> shifting political winds."
>> Gennady Pritsker, secretary of the International Association of Top
>> Level Domains -- who helped draft those guidelines -- admits
there's no
>> way of enforcing the key principle, that governments should be an
>> "integral part" of the Internet community, not a dominating
>> Although contracts for administering top level domains are held by
>> ICANN, the Ukrainian government could take over dot-ua if it really
>> wanted to, Pritsker said.
>> "The government is a sovereign entity, so who's to stop them? ICANN
is a
>> private California corporation; they're not going to summon the
>> guard to Ukraine," he said.
>> Neither Kohmanyuk nor SBU have appealed to ICANN, but if they do
>> will be hard for ICANN to make a decision," said Esther Dyson,
>> former chairwoman and an investor in the Russian and Eastern
>> Internet. A spokeswoman for ICANN said the corporation will reserve
>> judgment until approached.
>> "The post-Soviet mentality is quite straightforward in this
>> control," said Ivan Lozowy, director of the Institute of Statehood
>> Democracy in Kiev. "In a country where the rules are not firmly
>> established and the situation is wide open, it is natural to 'grab'
>> much as possible."
>> But this particular grab comes at a time when the Internet is
playing an
>> increasing role in the country's political life.
>> But many Ukrainian companies can't afford the fees, Kohmanyuk said.
>> Right now dot-ua registration is free, though Kohmanyuk would like
>> see the domain name run by a nonprofit that only charges enough to
pay a
>> few administrative salaries.
>> Kohmanyuk says government security forces should have nothing to do
>> the venture. He's confident that the SBU will give up its efforts,
>> saying the agents he's met don't understand how the Internet is
>> governed, much less how to administer a top-level domain name.
>> "They want us to give this all to them ... it's pathetic,"
>> said. "It's like someone asks to drive your car, and they don't
>> know where the steering wheel is."
>> But the SBU's deputy for technological systems, Valery Balabanov,
>> the issue is a political one.
>> "If the maintenance of the dot-ua domain is disrupted, Ukraine
>> simply cease to exist for the outside world," he said on Ukrainian
>> "There would be nowhere to send mail."
>> http://www.wired.com/news/print/0,1294,44012,00.html

©UANIC WG, 2001 р. webmaster@ua-nic.net